The Building Resilience Against Violent Extremism (BRAVE) is a measure of risk and protective factors for young people’s resilience to violent extremism.
It was developed and validated as part of a collaborative research initiative between the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University (Australia) and the Resilience Research Centre, Dalhousie University (Canada).
The BRAVE gives an overall measure of an individual’s resilience to violence extremism. It also provides scores across 5 domains important to resilience to violent extremism:
The BRAVE can be used by researchers, government agencies, policy makers, and community stakeholders to:
• Facilitate the comparison of risk and protective factors for young people’s resilience to violent extremism;
• Contextualize the ways in which young people are able to resist violent extremism, as well as why they may become vulnerable to using violent extremism as a solution to problems;
• Systematically identify and strengthen existing resilience resources;
• Help to identify current vulnerabilities in youth resilience to violent extremism through community partnerships and program development;
• Support efforts of communities and agencies to develop effective and meaningful youth-focused policies and programs that can identify both what communities already possess as resilience resources (but which may be unrecognized or under-used), and what vulnerabilities or gaps need to be addressed, and how;
• Support evaluations of strategies and programs for strengthening resilience to violent extremism amongst young people, helping to show the effectiveness of innovative, culturally and contextually sensitive interventions.
The BRAVE was developed and validated as part of a collaborative research initiative between the Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalisation, Deakin University (Australia) and the Resilience Research Centre, Dalhousie University (Canada).
It was originally developed using findings from a government-funded research project in Australia (‘Harnessing Resilience Capital’, CVESC/ANZ CTC, 2013-14) and a research project in Canada (‘Barriers to Violent Radicalisation: Understanding Pathways to Resilience among Canadian Youth’, Kanishka Project, 2014-15). A subsequent study trialled and validated the measure with 475 young people (18 to 30 years old) from a wide range of culturally diverse backgrounds in Australia and Canada (Grossman et al., 2017).
When considering using the BRAVE in your research, we recommend contextualising the measure.
The BRAVE is available in English and a limited number of other languages (available on our Downloads page)
No special authorization is required to create a new translation of the measure. If you create a translation we encourage you to share it with us. Click here to send us a copy of the finalized translation and a back translation into English to enhance the validity of the translation process (please create and attach this as one document). For more information on the process and value of back translation see Richard W. Brislin’s article, “Back-Translation for Cross-Cultural Research” in the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology (1970, Vol. 1, No. 3, pages 185-216).